Navneet Arora
Professor
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Interests
Welding Engineering, Joining of Dissimiar Materials, Process Modelling, Fracture Mechanics, Surfacing and Coatings
navneet.arora@me.iitr.ac.in
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91-1332-285685
Biosketch
Educational Details
Professional Background
Administrative Positions

Research
Projects
Papers
Books
Collaborations

Honours and Awards
Honors
Memberships

Teaching Engagements
Teaching Engagements

Students
Supervisions
Associate Scholars

Miscellaneous
Events
Visits
Miscellaneous
BioSketch
Educational Details
R.E.C. Kurukshetra
1988
B.Sc. Engg., Mech. Engg.
University of Roorkee
1990
M.E., Welding
Kurukshetra University
1997
Ph.D., Mech. Engg.
Professional Background
Lecturer
01 Jan 1991 - 01 Jan 1998
Regional Engg. College, Kurukshetra
Assistant Professor
01 Jan 1998 - 01 Jan 2005
IIT Roorkee, roorkee
Associate Professor
01 Jan 2005 - 01 Jan 2014
IIT Roorkee, Roorkee
Professor
01 Jan 2014 - Present
IIT Roorkee
Teaching Assistant
01 Jan 1990 - 01 Jan 1991
PEC Chandigarh
Administrative Positions
Manager, Anushruti academy for the Deaf
01 Jul 2021 - Present
IIT Roorkee
Chairman, DRC
01 Jan 2017 - 31 Jan 2020
IIT Roorkee
Coordinator Workshop
15 Jan 2013 - 01 Jul 2017
MIED IITR
Staff Advisor MIESS
01 Jan 2007 - 01 Jan 2010
I I T Roorkee
O.C. Training and Placement
01 Jan 2005 - 01 Jan 2009
I I T Roorkee
Program Officer NSS
01 Jan 2003 - 01 Jan 2006
I I T Roorkee
Honors And Awards
Honors
University of Roorkee, Roorkee
1990
University Gold Medal
IIT Roorkee, Roorkee
2004
Institute Star Performer
MemberShips
I.E. India
31 Aug 2020 - Present
Fellow
Indian Society of Technical Education
31 Aug 2020 - Present
Life Member
Indian Institute of Welding
31 Aug 2020 - Present
Life Member
Teaching Engagements
Teaching Engagements
Non-Conventional Welding Processes ( MI-593 )
Spring
Inspection and Quality Control of Weldments ( MI-591 )
Spring
Theory of Arc Welding Processes ( MI-590 )
Autumn
Theory of Production Processes - I ( MIN - 216 )
Spring
Students
SuperVisions
Process Modelling of Twin Wire Submerged Arc Welding Process
01 Jan 2004 - 15 Dec 2008
Other Supervisors: Dr.B.K.Mishra, MIED, Scholar: Abhay Sharma
Some Investigations on Fracture Behaviour of Bimetallic Weld
01 Jan 2003 - 05 Dec 2007
Other Supervisors: Dr. S.R.Gupta, MIED, Scholar: Rahul Chhibber
An Investigation on Thermal Spray Wear Resistant Nanostructured Coating
01 Jan 2011 - 01 Dec 2015
Other Supervisors: -, Scholar: Lalit Thakur
Design of Thermal Fatigue Rig
01 Jan 2009 - 04 Dec 2017
Other Supervisors: , Scholar: Hamender Agarwal
Development of Rare Earth Modified Fluxes to Enhance Wear Resistance
01 Jan 2012 - 05 Dec 2016
Other Supervisors: Dr. D.K. Dwivedi, Scholar: Yogesh Kumar Singla
Design of Electrode Coatings for Bi-metallic Welds
01 Jan 2009 - 04 Dec 2017
Other Supervisors: Dr. Rahul Chhibber, Scholar: Deepak Bhandari
Some Studies on Weldabilty and Erosion Behaviour of Nitroinic Steels
01 Jan 2015 - 01 Dec 2021
Other Supervisors: Dr. S.K. Goel, Scholar: Naveen Kumar
An Experimental and Numerical Investigation on the Joining of Aluminium Alloy and Steel
01 Jan 2016 - 05 Dec 2022
Other Supervisors: Dr. D. V. Kiran, Scholar: Tinku Kumar
Dissimilar Weld Joint in AUSC Power Plants
01 Jan 2017 - Present
Other Supervisors: , Scholar: Priya Singh
Supply Chain Management
01 Jan 2018 - Present
Other Supervisors: Prof. Dinesh Kumar, Scholar: Astha Sharma
Circular Supply Chain Management
01 Jul 2019 - Present
Other Supervisors: Prof. Rajat Aggrawal, Scholar: A. N. Dubey
An Intelligent Model of Process Selection for Sustainable Composites
02 Dec 2019 - Present
Other Supervisors: Prof. Inderdeep Singh, Scholar: Aditi Mahajan
Studies on Laser Micro-Welding
03 Jan 2022 - Present
Other Supervisors: Prof. Amit Choudhary, Scholar: Rajdev Singh
Surface Modification Techniques
04 Jul 2022 - Present
Other Supervisors: Prof. Lalit Thakur, NITK, Scholar: Sumit Rana
Operations Management Applications in Solving Rural Problems
01 Jul 2022 - Present
Other Supervisors: Prof. Vinay Sharma, Scholar: Kritika Sharma
Miscellaneous
Refereed Journal Papers
  1. 1. Tinku Kumar, Degala Venkata Kiran, Navneet Arora and Srihari Chitral, ‘Manipulating heat density to enhance the performance of Aluminium Alloy-Steel joints using arc oscillations in the GTAW process’ Materials Letters, Vol 306, 130897, 2022.
  2. 2. Tinku Kumar, Degala Venkata Kiran, Navneet Arora and Polamuri Sudheer Kumar, ‘Study of steel-aluminium joining under the influence of current waveforms using advanced CMT process variants’ Materials and Manufacturing Processes 1-18, 2022.
  3. 3.    Astha Sharma, Dinesh Kumar, and Navneet Arora, Supply chain risk factor assessment of Indian pharmaceutical industry for performance improvement’, Int. J. of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print, 2022.
  4. 4.   Priya Singh and Navneet Arora, ‘Improving mechanical properties of P91 and IN617 dissimilar weld joints for advanced ultra super critical power plants by buttering technique’, Materials Letters, Vol 327, 133084, 2022.
  5. 5.  Aditi Mahajan, V. Binaz, Inderdeep Singh and Navneet Arora, ‘Selection of Natural Fiber for Sustainable Composites Using Hybrid Multi Criteria Decision Making Techniques’, Composites Part C: Open Access 7, 100224, 2022.
  6. 6.  Shivani Bhandari, Shivani Gupta, Radha Raman Mishra, Apurbba Kumar Sharma and Navneet Arora, ‘On microstructural and mechanical properties of 21-4-N nitronic steel joint developed using microwave energy’, Journal of Micromanufacturing, July 2021.
  7. Deepak Bhandari, Rahul Chhibber, Lochan Sharma, Navneet Arora and Rajeev Mehta, ‘Combining CaO–SiO2–TiO2 and CaO–SiO2–Al2O3 ternary phase systems for design of bimetallic welds’, Proc. of The IMechE, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, Vol. 235, Issue 8, pp. 1271-1283, 2021.*
  8. Naveen Kumar and Navneet Arora, ‘Effect of solution treatment on slurry erosive wear performance of martensitic and nitrogen strengthened austenitic stainless steel’, Materials Letters, Vol 284, 2021.*
  9. Naveen Kumar, Navneet Arora and S. K. Goel, ‘Slurry erosion study on nitrogen alloyed austenitic stainless steel and weld beads’, Tribology Letters, Vol. 68, Issue 3, pp. 1-16, 2020.*
  10. Tinku  Kumar,  Degala  Venkata  Kiran,  Jason  Cheon,  Navneet  Arora, ‘Probing  the  influence  of  cold  wire  gas  tungsten  arc  welding  current waveforms  on  the  aluminum-steel  joining’, Journal of Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 59, pp.378–388, 2020.*
  11. Naveen Kumar, Navneet Arora and S.K. Goel, ‘Weld joint properties of nitrogen-alloyed austenitic stainless steel using multi-pass GMA welding’, Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 20, Issue 3, 1-13, 2020.*  
  12. Naveen Kumar, Navneet Arora and S. K. Goel, ‘Study on metallurgical and mechanical aspects of GMA welded Nitronic steel under the influence of weld quenching’, Journal of Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 56, pp. 116-130, 2020.*
  13. Lalit Thakur and Navneet Arora, ‘An investigation on the development and wear performance of chromium-MWCNTs transformed HVOF sprayed nano-WC-CoCr coatings’, Surface and Coatings Technology, Volume 388, 2020.
  14. Naveen Kumar, Navneet Arora and S.K. Goel, ‘Effect of base metal solution annealing on mechanical and metallurgical properties of GMA welded nitronic steel’, Materials Science and Engineering:A, Vol. 771, 138542, 2020.*
  15. Deepak Bhandari, Rahul Chhibber, Navneet Arora and Rajeev Mehta, ‘Investigations on weld metal chemistry and mechanical behaviour of bimetallic welds using CaO–CaF2–SiO2–Ni based electrode coatings’, Proc. of The IMechE, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, Vol. 233, Issue 4, pp. 563-579, 2019.*
  16. N. Bhadouria, L. Thakur, P. Kumar and Navneet Arora, ‘An investigation of normal and submerged condition on microstructural and tribological properties of friction stir processed AZ91-D magnesium alloy’, Canadian Metallurgical QuarterlyVol. 56, Issue 1, pp. 94-103, 2017.*
  17. N. Bhadouria, P. Kumar, L. Thakur, S. Dixit and Navneet Arora, ‘A study on micro-hardness and Tribological behaviour of Nano-WC–co–Cr/multi-walled carbon nano-tubes reinforced AZ91D magnesium matrix surface composites’, Transactions of The Indian Institute of Metals, Vol. 70, Issue 9, pp. 2477-2483, 2017.*
  18. Yogesh Kumar Singla, Navneet Arora, D.K. Dwivedi and V. Rohilla, ‘Influence of niobium on the microstructure and wear resistance of iron-based hardfacings produced by pre-placement technique – A novel approach’, Int. J. of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 93, Issue 5-8, pp. 2667-2674, November 2017.*
  19. Yogesh Kumar SinglaRahul Chhibber, Navneet Arora, Karanpreet Singh and Kishore Khanna, ‘On the wear behavior of Fe-xCr-4Mn-3C hardfacing alloys’, Transactions of Indian Institute of Metals, Vol. 70, No. 6, pp. 1555-1561, August 2017.*
  20. Hamender Kumar Aggarwal, Rahul Chhibber, Navneet Arora and Rajeev Mehta, ‘Experimental analysis of thermal fatigue in bimetallic welds’, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 880, pp. 124-127,  2017.*
  21. Deepak Bhandari, Rahul Chhibber, Navneet Arora and Rajeev Mehta, ‘Investigations on design and formulation of buttering layer electrode coatings for bimetallic welds’, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 880, pp. 37-40, 2017.*
  22. Yogesh Kumar Singla, D.K. Dwivedi and Navneet Arora, ‘Modeling the impact-sliding wear characteristics of rare earth additive iron-based hardfacing alloys’, Proc. of The IMechE, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology, Vol. 231, Issue 11, pp. 1486-1499, March 2017.*
  23. Hamender Kumar Aggarwal, Rahul Chhibber, Navneet Arora and Rajeev Mehta, ‘Analysis of mechanical behaviour of heat affected zone on ferritic side of bimetallic welds under thermal fatigue conditions’, Materials Science Forum, Vol. 880, pp. 41-44,  2017.*
  24. Lalit Thakur and Navneet Arora, ‘A study of processing and slurry erosion behaviour of multi-walled carbon nanotubes modified HVOF sprayed nano-WC-10Co-4Cr coating’Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 309, pp. 860-871, January 2017.*
  25. Yogesh Kumar Singla, Navneet Arora and D.K. Dwivedi, ‘Dry sliding adhesive wear characteristics of Fe-based hardfacing alloys with different CeO2 additives – A statistical analysis’Tribology InternationalVol. 105, pp. 229-240, January 2017.*
  26. Deepak Bhandari, Rahul Chhibber, Navneet Arora and Rajeev Mehta, ‘Investigations on weld metal chemistry and mechanical behaviour of bimetallic welds using CaO-CaF2-SiO2-Ni based electrode coatings’, Proc. of The IMechE, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications, pp. 1-17, Dec 2016.*
  27. Deepak Bhandari, Rahul Chhibber, Navneet Arora and Rajeev Mehta, ‘Investigation of TiO2-SiO2-CaO-CaF2 based electrode coatings on weld metal chemistry and mechanical behaviour of bimetallic welds’, Journal of Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 23, pp. 61-74, August 2016.*
  28. Abhay Sharma, Dhanesh K. Verma and Navneet Arora, ‘A scheme of comprehensive assessment of weld bead geometry’, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 82, No. 9, pp. 1507-1515, February 2016.*
  29. Yogesh Kumar Singla, D.K. Dwivedi and Navneet Arora, ‘On the modeling of dry sliding adhesive wear parameters of vanadium additive iron-based alloys at elevated temperatures’ Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 283, pp. 223-233, November 2015.
  30. Abhay Sharma, Navneet Arora and  Bhanu K.Mishra, ‘Mathematical model of bead profile in high deposition welds’, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 220, pp. 65-75, June 2015.
  31. Manoj Saini, Navneet Arora and Amit Dhiman, ‘Evaluation of hardness of dissimilar metal joint subjected to thermal and mechanical loading’, MIT International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 110-114, August 2014.
  32. Vijay Kumar and Navneet Arora, ‘High temperature corrosion behaviour of 20MnMoNi55 and AISA 304 bare steel in 75wt%Na2SO4+25wt%K2SO4 molten salt environment at 9000C’, Procedia Material Science, Vol. 5, pp. 76-85, 2014.
  33. Manoj Saini, Navneet Arora, Chandan Pandey and Husain Mehdi, ‘Mechanical properties of bimetallic weld joint between SA516 grade65 carbon steel and SS304L for steam generator applications’, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, Vol. 3, Issue 7, pp. 39-42, July 2014.
  34. Sunny Zafar, Amit Bansal, Apurbba Kumar Sharma, Navneet Arora and C.S. Ramesh, ‘Dry erosion wear performance of  Inconel 718 microwave clad’, Surface Engineering, Vol. 30, No.11, pp. 852-859, 2014.
  35. Manoj Saini, Chandan Pandey and Navneet Arora, ‘Thermal cycling of bimetallic weld joints between SA516 grade65 carbon steel and SS304L for steam generator applications’, MIT International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 37-40, January 2014.
  36. Sunny Zafar, Apurbba Kumar Sharma and Navneet Arora, ‘Development and microstructural characterisation of  Inconel cladding on stainless steel through microwave irradiation’,  Journal on Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 3(1), pp. 9-16, 2013.
  37. Lalit Thakur and Navneet Arora, ‘A comparative study on slurry and dry erosion behaviour of HVOF sprayed WC–CoCr coatings’, Wear, Volume 303, Issues 1–2, pp. 405-411, June 2013.
  38. Lalit Thakur and  Navneet Arora, ‘Solid particle erosion behaviour of WC-CoCr nanostructured coating’, Tribology Transactions, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp. 781-788, 2013.
  39. Lalit Thakur and Navneet Arora, ‘A study on erosive wear behaviour of HVOF sprayed nanostructured WC-CoCr coating’, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, Volume 27, No. 5, pp. 1461-1467, 2013.
  40. Lalit Thakur and Navneet Arora, ‘Sliding and abrasive wear behavior of WC-CoCr coatings with different carbide sizes’, Journal of Materials Engineering & Performance, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 574-583, 2012.
  41. Rahul Chhibber, Hardeep Singh, Navneet Arora and B.K. Dutta, ‘Micromechanical modeling of reactor pressure vessel steels’, Materials and Design, Sustainable Materials, Design and Applications, Vol. 36, pp. 258-274, April 2012.
  42. Deepak Bhandari, Rahul Chhibber and Navneet Arora, ‘Effect of electrode coatings on diffusible hydrogen content, hardness and microstructures of the ferritic heat affected zones in bimetallic welds’, Advanced Materials Research Journal: Manufacturing Science and Technology, Vol. 383-390, pp. 4697-4701, 2012.
  43. Vijay Kumar, Navneet Arora and S. Singh, ‘Cyclic oxidation behaviour of pressure vessel steel and austenitic stainless steel’, Int. J. of  Emerging Trends in Engineering and Development, Vol. 1, Issue 2, pp. 50-60, ISSN No. 2249-6149, January 2012.
  44. Lalit Thakur, Navneet Arora, R. Jayaganthan and R. Sood, ‘An investigation on erosion behavior of HVOF sprayed WC-CoCr coatings’, Applied Surface Science, Vol. 258, Issue 3, pp. 1225-1234, November 2011.  
  45. Lalit Thakur and Navneet Arora, ‘An investigation on abrasive wear behaviour of HVOF sprayed WC-CoCr coatings’, Int. J. of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 6, No. 18, pp. 2828-2833, 2011.
  46. Vijay Kumar, Navneet Arora and S. Singh, ‘Effect of cyclic oxidation behaviour of German steel and austenitic stainless steel’, MIT International Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 79-83, 2230-7699, August 2011.
  47. Vijay Kumar, D.Mudgal, Navneet Arora and S. Singh, ‘Cyclic oxidation behaviour of low-alloy steel & AISI 304 steel in air at 900°C’, Int. J. of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 14-17, ISSN No. 2231-6477, 2011.
  48. Rahul Chhibber, P. Biswas, Navneet Arora, S.R. Gupta and B.K. Dutta, ‘Micro mechanical modelling of weldments using GTN model’, Int. Journal of Fracture, Vol. 167, No. 1, pp. 71-82, January 2011.
  49. Abhay Sharma, Navneet Arora and S.R. Gupta, ‘Investigation into arc behavior during twin-wire submerged arc welding’, Materials and Manufacturing Processes, Vol. 25, No. 8, pp. 873–879, September 2010.
  50. Abhay SharmaNavneet Arora and Bhanu K. Mishra, ‘Predictive modelling and sensitivity analysis of flux consumption rate in twin-wire submerged arc welding’, Journal of Manufacturing Technology Research, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, pp. 287-304, 2010.
  51. Vivek Arya, Abhay Sharma and Navneet Arora, ‘Enhancement in mechanical properties of tailored welded blanks due to pulsed TIG welding’, Indian Welding Journal,  Vol. 42, No. 4, pp. 38-45, 2009.
  52. Abhay Sharma, Navneet Arora and  Bhanu K.Mishra, ‘Statistical modeling of deposition rate in twin-wire submerged arc welding’, Proceedings of The IMechE, Part B, Journal of Engineering Manufacture, Vol. 223, No. 7, pp. 851-863, July 2009.
  53. Abhay Sharma, Ajay Kumar Chaudhary, Navneet Arora, Bhanu K. Mishra, ‘Estimation of heat source model parameters for twin-wire submerged arc welding’, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (IJAMT), Springer London, 45 (11-12), 1096-1103, 2009.
  54. Rahul Chhibber, Navneet Arora, S.R. Gupta and B.K. Dutta, ‘Estimation of Gurson material parameters in bimetallic weldments for the nuclear reactor heat transport piping system’, Proceedings of The IMechE, Part C, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science Vol. 222, No. 12, pp. 2331-2349, December 2008.
  55. Abhay Sharma, Navneet Arora and Bhanu K. Mishra, ‘Mathematical modelling of flux consumption during twin-wire welding’, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (IJAMT), Springer London, Vol. 38, No. 11-12, pp. 1114-1124, 2008.
  56. Abhay Sharma, Navneet Arora and Bhanu K. Mishra, ‘Impact of  process modeling on current direction of welding research and future targets’, Indian Welding Journal, Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 43-50, October 2008.
  57. Navneet Arora, ‘Optimization of GTAW pulse parameters affecting residual stress in 304 stainless steel weldments’, The Icfai Univ. J. of Mech. Engg., Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 7-18, August 2008.
  58. Abhay Sharma, Navneet Arora and Bhanu K Mishra, ‘A practical approach towards mathematical modeling of deposition rate during twin-wire submerged arc welding’, International Journal of Advance Manufacturing Technology (IJAMT), Springer London, Vol. 36, No. 5-6, pp. 463-474, March 2008.
  59. Abhay Sharma, Navneet Arora and Bhanu K. Mishra, ‘Artificial neural network modelling of deposition rate during twin-wire submerged arc welding’, Australasian Welding Journal, Welding Technology Institute of Australia, Vol. 52, pp. 39-48, Fourth Quarter, 2007.
  60. Navneet Arora and Dinesh Kumar, ‘Operational analysis and resource management: a case study’, Opsearch, Quarterly Journal of the Operational Research Society of India, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 277-303, December 2007.
  61. Abhay Sharma, Navneet Arora and Bhanu K. Mishra, ‘Modified mathematical models for melting rate in submerged arc welding’, Indian Welding Journal, Vol. 40, No. 4, pp. 21-32, October 2007.
  62. A.K. Yadav, Navneet Arora and D.K. Dwivedi, ‘On microstructure, hardness and wear behaviour of flame sprayed Co-base alloy coating deposited on mild steel’, Surface Engineering, Maney Publishers, Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 331-336, October 2006.
  63. R. Chhibber, Navneet Arora, S.R. Gupta and B.K. Dutta, ‘Use of bimetallic welds in nuclear reactors: associated problems and structural integrity assessment issues’, Proc. of The IMechE, Part C, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, Vol. 220, No. C8, pp. 1121-1133, August 2006.
  64. B.K. Dutta, Shekhar Saini and Navneet Arora, ’Application of  a modified damage potential to predict crack initiation in welded pipes’, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, Vol. 82, Issue 11, pp. 833-839, November 2005.
  65. D.B. Goel, Neeraj K. Sharma, Jadav Jhansi Bai and Navneet Arora, ‘Effect of surface coatings on corrosion behavior of hydro-turbine steel’, Journal of CPRI, Vol. II, No. 1, pp. 39-50, March 2005.
  66. H.C. Garg, Navneet Arora and N.P. Mehta, ‘Stochastic behavior and maintenance planning for steam flow system in a thermal power plant’, Journal of I. E. (India), Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 18-25, February 2004.
  67. N.D. Pandey, Navneet Arora, A. Bharti and P. Chakravorty, ‘Dissimilar metal welding using Nd : YAG pulsed Laser’, Indian Welding Journal, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 37-48, July 2002.
  68. Navneet Arora and Dinesh Kumar, ‘System analysis and maintenance management for the coal handling system in a paper plant’, International Journal of Management and Systems, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 137-156, May-August 2000.
  69. Navneet Arora, ‘Stochastic system behavior in a paper industry’, Industrial Engineering  Journal, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 8-14, March 2000.
  70. Navneet Arora and Dinesh Kumar, ‘Stochastic analysis and maintenance planning of ash handling system in the thermal power plant’, Microelectron. & Reliab., Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 819-824, 1997.
  71. Navneet Arora and Dinesh Kumar, ‘Behavioural analysis and maintenance planning for the coal crushing system in a thermal power plant’, Journal of I. E. (India), Vol. 78, pp. 63-66, November 1997.
  72. Navneet Arora and Dinesh Kumar, ‘Availability analysis of steam and power generation systems in the thermal power plant’, Microelectron. & Reliab., Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 795-800, 1997.
  73. S.R. Gupta and Navneet Arora, ‘Influence of flux basicity on weld bead geometry and HAZ in submerged arc welding’, Indian Welding Journal, pp.127-133, July 1991.